Demographic Dividend, Human Capital and Accelerated Economic Growth: Lessons from Asian countries and its implications for Eritrea

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

Part III

6. Accelerated economic growth: East Asian and ‘Asian Tigers’ countries experience

As discussed elsewhere in part II there are two caveats of demographic dividend: first, its benefits are not automatic and second, it is time bounded and occurs once in the history of nations (Mason, 2002, Bloom, et al., 2003). Demographic dividend is greatly responsive to flexible labor markets and prudent macroeconomic policy environment. Read More

ጋዜጣ ዳዕሮ – ዳዕሮ ከም ስማ

daaeroindex-1ኣብ ጥሪ 2012 ዓ.ም. ቀዳማይ ሕታማ ንህዝቢ ጆባእ ዝበለት ጋዜጣ ዳዕሮ፡ ሎምዘበን ጥሪ 2017 ሓሙሽተ ዓመታ መሊኣስ ሕጂውን እናሳዕ ደጋጊምካ ከተንብቦ ዘይስልኪ ጽሑፋት ሒዛ ኣብ ሓዱሽ ዓመት ከተፍ ኢላ ኣላ። ትሕዝቶ ፈላሚ ዓመተ 2017 ጋዜጣ ዳዕሮ እዞም ዝስዕቡን ካለኦትን ኢዮም፡- 30 ዓመት ኣብ ምድላይ መንነት/ ብፍጹም ተስፋማርያም – ትዕዝብተይ ብዛዕባ መጽሓፍ ‘ድምጺ ልቢ’/ ብኣማን ተኸስተ – ደብራ፡ ሃዋርያ ድሕነት! “ጽቡቕ ግበር፡ ንመን?/ብፍጹም ተስፋማርያም – ጋሻ-ዓሻ  ቈልዑ ቋንቋ ኣጥፊኦም፡ ወለዲ ግን ወሲኾም!/ ብሓረጉ ቀለታ -ምርኢት ቆልዑ ብገደብ/ብመም. ኣቤል ኣብርሃም – ዕድመን ጥዕናን – ኩቱር ዛሕሊ ዘለዎ ሳዕቤን ብሓረጉ ቀለታ – ርሑስ ቀብሪ’ሎ፡ ተካል መርዓ’ሎ ብኣማንኤል ሳህለ – ስሓቕ/ብሙሴ በርሀ – ደብዳቤታት ፍቑራት/ ኣቢነር ሙሴ – ወግዒ ምስ ሕጊ/ ብኢሰያስ የማነ

ንምሉእ ትሕዝቶ ኣብዚ ጠውቕ

መሃርትን ኣዘናጋዕትን ስለዝኾኑ ንኽትነብዎምን ክትማሃርሎምን ነተባብዓኩም። በዚ ኣጋጣሚ ኣገናዕ ንኣዳለውቲ ጋዜጣ ዳዕሮ!

Ethiopia is Powerful to Justify the Indefinite National Service

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

Recently, the presidential advisor, Mr. Yemane Ghebreab, was briefly interviewed by a Deutsche Welle Radio reporter, Linda Staude, from Asmara. In her first-hand account on the life of young Eritreans she has encountered with many people including young workers in the streets of Asmara and the well-known Medeber artifacts. The voices of young Eritreans are clear and that is “leave us to live our lives”. For them life is tough and they are voicing for opening up the labour market to be able to live a decent life. They are saying “no money no freedom no future” as one of the young people in the Medeber Area shouts pointing out that the indefinite nature of the national service is making life difficult. Read More

Demographic Dividend, Human Capital and Accelerated Economic Growth: Lessons from Asian countries and its implications for Eritrea

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

Part II

2. The population vs. economic growth debates

For over a century and half, two positions were held by demographers and economists. The first is by Thomas Robert Malthus and almost two centuries later by Paul Ehrlich (1968) held that population growth similarly threatens economic growth due to the gap between population growth and limited agricultural resources. The second position maintains that population growth can accelerate economic growth provided new technology was introduced in a situation of demographic pressure (Nelson and Phelps, 1966). Read More

ናብ መስከረም ዶት ነት ኣብ ዘሎኻዮ

ካብ ኣዳለውቲ መደብ ሓቅን ብጋህድን

ሕቶስ ምሓተትና መልሲኸ ክርከብ ድዩ?

ካብ መልሲ ዘይርከቦ ሕቶታት ንፕረሲደንት ምቕራብ ብወገንና ብመስከረም መልሲ ክወሃቦም ንጽበዮም ሕቶታት ክንሓትት መሪጽና ኣሎና።”

ፕረዚደንት ኢሰያስ ኣፈወርቂ ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሳምንታት ቃለ-ምሓትት ከካይድ ምዃኑ” ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ኣብ ናይ ሰሉስ 3 ጥሪ 2017 ሕታማ ሓቢራ ኣላ። ዋላ’ኳ ብቐጥታ ናብ ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ወይ ቲቪ-ኤረ ሕቶታት ክቐርብ ዝኽእል እንተኾነ። ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሰያስ ፡ኣብ ወጻኢ ዘለዉ ዜጋታቱ አንታይ ዓይነት ሕቶታት ከም ዘለዎም ንኸፈልጥን ንኽምልስን፡ ዜጋታት፡ ሕቶታቶም ናብ መስከረም ክልኣኹ እሞ ኣብ መስከረም ክንልጥፎ ንዕድም ተባሂሉ ኣሎ። (መስከረም) Read More

Demographic Dividend, Human Capital, and Accelerated Economic Growth: Lessons from Asian countries and its implications for Eritrea

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

Part I

1. Introduction

Population age-structure changes endure three broad phases:

Firstly, demographic transition sets off with high fertility and mortality rates. In the process of this change infant and child mortality start to decline accelerating population growth as a result of improved child survival which increases the share of children in the total population. Read More

Response to comments on “Eritrea needs a new tax system”

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

On December 26 2016, I posted an informative article on the subject of taxation system titled “Eritrea Needs a New Tax System”  also posted in Madote.com. As I decided to respond to some of the comments provided on Madote.com on the subject by fellow Eritreans it is appropriate to thank all those all involved and Madote for the opportunity. I wish I could respond to all the comments and suggestions posted in Madote.com. However, for the sake of time and space while my thanks goes to all those took part in the discussions I will limit my response to two chatters by the name Berhane and Eritrawee.  While Berhane argues taxing bank payments, transfers, financial transactions, and bank withdrawals cannot work in Eritrea, Eritrawee asks on the possibility of reforming the “2% diaspora tax”. Read More

France receives “about 500 billion dollars” from Africa annually-IMF

asmarahutBy Asmaraonline

Asmara-online wishes to share with you the following short presentation by Mallence Bart-Williams, a German of Sierra Leonen origin.

As referred by the presented, according to IMF (International Monetary Fund), France receives “about 500 billion dollars” from Africa annually from debt services of its post-colonial period to its former colonies. The presenter also points out that destabilization of wealthier nations in Africa is the tool for exploitation of resources. It tells us, as we go for democratic changes in our countries we need to understand the double standards of Western leaders too.

BUT, domestication of exploitation is not a way forward too! Listen what Eritreans at home have to say without fear of reprisal by the government which only shows their deep deep desperation about their economic circumstances and their anger about the government’s policy is clear. As much as the neon-colonial powers inflict harms on us (Africans) so does our leaders by mishandling of our resources, both human and economic.

“እቲ ተቓወምቲ ዝብል ስም ነዚኣቶም እውን ዘጠቓልል እንተዀይኑ ንሕና ተቓወምቲ ኣይኮናን” -መደብ ሓቅን ብጋህድን ካብ ስደት ቍ. 12

(ብድምጺ ንምስማዕ ኣብዚ ጽቕጥ)

asmarahutብቀለታ ኪዳነ

ኣቐዲምና እዚ ሎሚ ነቕርቦ ዘሎና መደብ ዓመተ 2016 ተወዲኡ ዓመተ 2017 ንኣትወሉ ዘሎና እዋን ብምዃኑ ንዅሎም ኣብ ርሑቕን ቀረባን ዘለዉ ደቂ ሃገር ርሑስ ብዓላት ልደትን ሓድሽ ዓመትን ክገብረልና ከምኡ’ውን ንዅላትና ደቂ ሃገር ፖለቲካዊ ኮነ ሃይማኖታዊ ዝንባሌና ብዘየገድስ እዚ ዝውዳእ ዘሎ ዓመት 2016 ነቲ ኣብ ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ኣብ ምሉእ ዓለም ኣትዩ ዘሎ ጸገማት፡ ፍልልያት፡ ጽልኢ፡ ቅርሕንቲ፡ ስእነት፡ ስደት፡ ጓሂ፡ ሞት፡ ሒዚዎ ክኸይድን እዚ ንኣትዎ ዘሎና 2017 ዓመት ከኣ ዓመት ሰላም፡ ፍቕሪ ፡ሓድነት፡ ምክብባር፡ ምትሕልላይ፡ ከምኡ’ውን  ዓመት ምትሕድዳግን ምርድዳእን ኰይኑ መንግስቲ ኮነ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ  ሓድሽ ልብን መንፈስን ክሰኵዑ እሞ ዅላትና ኣብቲ  ንደልዮን ንረብሓ ኵልና ዝዀነን   ራህዋን ሰላምን ቅሳነትን ክንበጽሕ  ብልቢ ንምነ። Read More

Eritrea: Go for Value Chain Economic Modeling

asmarahutBy Teweldeberhan Gebre

Introduction

Eritrea can be what it wishes to be. Given the extraordinarily resilient Eritrean people, if there is an added value of political will and commitment, Eritrea can be in the rank of upper middle income country category within the next 10 years. According to the World Bank (WB) countries are classified or categorized into four economic groups: low income, lower middle income, upper middle income and high income countries based on their estimates of gross national income per capita (GNI, atlas method) income brackets. The annual per capita GNI annual income brackets are: less than $1,025, $1,026 to $4,035, $4,036 to $12,735, and $12,736 and above, respectively. Read More